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Graph: Education

Giovanna Ceserani , April 2017

The data visualizations below were created using the Palladio application developed at Stanford. The embedded visualizations are Palladio Bricks. Palladio is freely available to use at and the source code is available on GitHub here.

You will find an explanation of the visualization at the bottom of the page.


This graph shows how the architects who traveled to Italy were educated. The lines connect individual architects to four categories of educational background: “Oxbridge and Inns of Courts,” “Other Universities and Colleges,” “Art School,” and “Training with Individual”. You can see which institutions are included in these categories in the “Educational Institutions” filter beneath the graph. (Note that the architects for whom we do not have this information—which is the majority—are grouped together under a blank heading). You can interact with the graph by way of the filters underneath it. For example, if you select “Art School” in “Educational Background,” only the twelve architects whom we know were educated in an art school will appear in the graph; in the filters beneath the graph you will see the names of these architects, the schools they attended, and that none of these architects were amateurs, and that two of them toured Italy twice. For explanation of dimensions, see the Data Schema.

See the project Schema page for data viewer, the data schema, and a link to the data files.

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Cite as

Giovanna Ceserani. (April 2017). Interactive Visualization for British Architects on the Grand Tour in eighteenth-century Italy. Graph: Education [Created using Palladio,].