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Interactive visualizations

Graph: Employments and Appointments

Giovanna Ceserani , April 2017

The data visualizations below were created using the Palladio application developed at Stanford. The embedded visualizations are Palladio Bricks. Palladio is freely available to use at and the source code is available on GitHub here.

You will find an explanation of the visualization at the bottom of the page.


This graph shows the occupations of architects beyond their travels to Italy. The lines connect individual architects to four categories of employment and appointment: “MP,” “Knight,” “Military,” and “Official Architectural”. (Note that all the architects for whom we do not have this information are connected to an unnamed category). You can interact with the graph by way of the filters underneath it. For example, you can see that no one who held an official architectural appointment was an amateur; or you can see how Robert Adam had appointments in two out of the four categories, while Edward Lovett Pearce is the only one with appointments in all four—and for all you can see also how many times they toured Italy, and how they funded these tours. For explanation of dimensions, see the Data Schema.

See the project Schema page for data viewer, the data schema, and a link to the data files.

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Cite as

Giovanna Ceserani. (April 2017). Interactive Visualization for British Architects on the Grand Tour in eighteenth-century Italy. Graph: Employments and Appointments [Created using Palladio,].